Diabetes - More Detail

People with type 1 diabetes mellitus need insulin therapy to replace the insulin that the body can no longer produce. People with type 2 diabetes may also need insulin.

Hypoglycaemia happens when the blood glucose level is less than 4 mmol/l, or where your child has symptoms of hypoglycaemia at a level close to this.

Children with diabetes generally do not become unwell any more frequently than children without diabetes. But, when a child or teen with diabetes is unwell, they need extra care and attention from an adult who has received training from a specialist diabetes team. Even teens, who are more independent with managing their diabetes when well, will need help when they are sick.

The risk of diabetes complications may be reduced by maximising the time your glucose levels are in the target range (3.9 to 10 mmol/L). Screening is important to allow for early detection of possible developing complications.

Children and young people with diabetes can travel just the same as people without diabetes. You will need to do more planning to make sure travel plans include management of diabetes.