All about your child's eyes - what to expect in your baby's first year and what to do about some common eye problems. There is also information about vision checks at various stages in childhood.

A child's eye

A checklist for your baby's eye and vision development during their first year. If you have any concerns about your baby's vision, see your family doctor or Well Child service provider.

Your baby's eyes should be checked soon after birth. If you have concerns about your baby's vision or hearing at any time, take your baby for an assessment.

Screening for some vision problems for your child should happen around 11 or 12 years of age. Your child will not have their hearing checked at school so if you are concerned about your child's hearing, it's important that you visit your family doctor.

Your child's hearing and vision will be discussed with you at various Well Child checks before your child turns 4 years of age. If your child does have a hearing or vision problem, finding it early is good for their learning and development.

If your child has learning or reading difficulties or is clumsier than usual for their age, this may mean they have a vision problem. Other signs are that they screw their eyes up, tilt their head to see, or have frequent headaches.

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is a very common condition in children. It causes red, irritated and sticky eyes. A viral or bacterial infection or allergic reaction are the most common causes of conjunctivitis.

A squint is when the eyes are not looking in the same direction. If untreated, this can lead to eye problems like amblyopia. If your child has a squint, it's important to start treatment at an early age.

Common eye problems in children include strabismus, chalazion, amblyopia and refractive error.