Treatments and procedures

For information about a range of treatments, procedures and operations such as having tonsils and adenoids removed, grommets inserted, and anaesthetic. If your child is having a procedure, you might also find the section Coping with treatment and hospital useful. 

A young child in a hospital bed having treatment

When your child has a general anaesthetic, an anaesthetist will give them medicine to make them unaware and unconscious. You have an important role in preparing your child for their anaesthetic so that their experience is as positive as possible.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for children with cerebral palsy is unproven and has potential hazards - we do not recommend it.

Scientists are developing stem cell therapies for the replacement or repair of damaged tissues such as nerves, muscle and other parts of the body. Doctors and scientists are researching stem cell therapy and looking at the best ways to use stem cells in cerebral palsy.  

Circumcision is the operation to remove the foreskin. Circumcision is not risk free - parents and caregivers should be informed of potential risks as well as potential benefits when considering circumcision.

The aim is for your child to do 1 soft formed poo every day. You can try some simple measures first for your child's constipation. If those don't work, your child will need help from laxatives.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea.

People with type 1 diabetes mellitus need insulin therapy to replace the insulin that the body can no longer produce. People with type 2 diabetes may also need insulin.

A drip is a short, small plastic tube that a doctor or nurse will put into your child's vein, using a needle. They will leave a plastic tube in so that fluids and medicines go directly into your child's blood.

An epidural is a very effective method of pain control used both during and after major surgery to the chest, tummy and legs.

Your child's doctor may recommend grommets if your child has glue ear that won't clear up, or has frequent ear infections.

Some babies will need home oxygen to help with their breathing.

PCA stands for patient controlled analgesia. A PCA pump is a device that allows your child to give themselves a pre-set amount of pain medicine (usually morphine), as needed, by pressing a hand-held button.

Plasters (also called casts or plaster casts) and splints allow your child's broken bone time to rest and heal.

Plasters (also called casts or plaster casts) and splints allow the fracture time to rest and heal.

A tonsillectomy is an operation to remove the tonsils. An adenotonsillectomy is an operation to remove both the adenoids and tonsils.

4 percent (4%) dimethicone lotion is a very effective head lice treatment that your family doctor can prescribe.

Wet combing with cheap conditioner and a fine-tooth head lice (nit) comb is an effective way to find and remove head lice, if done properly.

Tube feeding generally involves delivering a liquid feed through the nose (nasal tube) or stomach (gastrostomy tube). Tube feeding helps your child to meet their nutritional needs when they are not able to eat or drink enough by mouth.